7. How did this happen:
• Unity Pressure: In abrogation and in other theological issues, there is a strong tendency of scholars to seek unity and resist dissent, in order to avoid Fitna. This created pressure on everyone to conform to the abrogation doctrine once it took hold. Slanderous attacks were made against anyone who disagreed, and that can result in serious bias in the scholarly peer system, both in terms of which opinions get to be expressed and which opinions get to be cited, thus creating a self-fulfilling consensus.
Haani Taahir, in his book تنزيه آي القرآن عن النسخ والنقصان, pages 14-15, quotes Hassaan Abdul-Mannaan from his book علاقة الجان بالإنسان, page 53, saying (my translation):
Hassan Abdul-Mannaan wrote:
That is because most scholars in all ages were plagued with Taqleed (imitation) of their antecedents, afraid to discuss their consensus for fear of being labeled heretics. Rarely would you find among them those who examine the matter with scientific impartiality based on tackling texts as one would tackle evidence and proof to reach an independent conclusion.